Zhaoshan Chang

Professor, Geology and Geological Engineering
Charles F. Fogarty Endowed Chair in Economic Geology

Zhaoshan Chang


  • Ph.D. in Economic Geology, Department of Geology, Washington State University, USA, 2003
  • Ph.D. in Economic Geology, Department of Geology, Peking University, China, 1997
  • B.Sc. in Geology, Department of Geology, Peking University, China, 1992

CV Dr. Zhaoshan Chang


  • Deposit types: Skarn (including CRD), porphyry, epithermal, Sn-W, IOCG, orogenic Au
  • Ore forming processes; vectors/zoning patterns, discriminators and indicators that can be directly used in exploration; distal signatures of mineralization
  • Magma fertility
  • Regional metallogenesis
  • Techniques: LA-ICP-MS trace element analysis, dating and single fluid inclusion composition analysis- LA-ICP-MS Laboratory contact-LAICPMS@mines.edu; Short Wavelength Infra-Red (SWIR) spectral analysis; isotope geochemistry (C, O, H, S, Cu, Zn, Fe); whole rock geochem


  • Shu, Q., Chang, Z., and Mavrogenes, J., 2021, Fluid compositions reveal fluid nature, metal deposition mechanisms, and mineralization potential: An example at the Haobugao Zn-Pb skarn, China: submitted to Geology. https://doi.org/10.1130/G48348.1
  • Helge, B., Spandler, C., Isaac, C., Chang, Z., and Dirks, P.H.G.M., 2021, Copper-gold fertility of arc volcanic rocks – A case study from the Early Permian Lizzie Creek Volcanic Group, NE Queensland, Australia: submitted to Economic Geology. https://doi.org/10.5382/econgeo.4806
  • Poblete, J.A., Dirks, P.H.G.M., Chang, Z., Huizenga, J-M., Griessman, M., and Hall, C., 2021, The Watershed tungsten deposit, NE Queensland, Australia: Permian metamorphic tungsten mineralization overprinting Carboniferous magmatic tungsten: Economic Geology. https://doi.org/10.5382/econgeo.4791.
  • Wang, Y., Zhu, X.-K., Tang, C., Mao, J., and Chang, Z., 2021, Discriminate between magmatic-and magmatic-hydrothermal ore deposits using Fe isotopes: Ore Geology Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oregeorev.2020.103946.
  • Chang, Z., and Goldfarb, R.J., 2020, An overview of mineral deposits of China: SEG Discovery, No. 123, p. 11-20. https://doi.org/10.5382/SEGnews.2020-123.fea
  • Mrozek, S., Chang, Z., Spandler, C., Windle, S., Raraz, C., and Paz, A., 2020, Using whole rock geochemistry to optimize skarn classification and evaluate element mobility during skarn formation: An example from the Antamina deposit, Peru: Economic Geology, v. 115, p. 177-188.
  • Sahlstrom, F., Chang, Z., Arribas, A., Dirks, P., Johnson, C.A., Huizenga, J.J., and Corral, I., 2020, Reconstruction of an early Permian, sub-lacustrine 1 magmatic-hydrothermal system: Mt Carlton epithermal Au-Ag-Cu deposit, northeastern Australia: Economic Geology, v. 115, p. 139-152.
  • Cheng, Y., Todd, C.N., Henderson, R.A., Danisik, M., Sahlstrom, F., Chang, Z., and Corral, I., 2020, Jurassic uplift and erosion of the northeast Queend continental margin: evidence from (U-Th)/He thermochronology combined with U-Pb detrital zircon age spectra: Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 67, p. 591-604. https://doi.org/10.1080/08120099.2020.1714730
  • Cooke, D.R., Wilkinson, J.J., Baker, M., Agnew, P., Phillips, J., Chang, Z., Chen, H., Wilkinson, C.C., Inglis, S., Hollings, P., Zhang, L., Gemmell, J.B., White, N.C., Danyushevsky, L., and Martin, H., 2020, Using mineral chemistry to aid exploration – a case study from the Resolution porphyry Cu-Mo deposit, Arizona: Economic Geology, v. 115, p. 813-840.
  • Cooke, D.R., Agnew, P., Hollings, P., Baker, M., Chang, Z., Wilkinson, J.J., Ahmed, A., White, N.C., Zhang, L., Thompson, J., Gemmell, J.B., Danyushevsky, L., and Chen, H., 2020, Recent advances in the application of mineral chemistry to exploration for porphyry copper-gold-molybdenum deposits: detecting the geochemical fingerprints and footprints of hypogene mineralization and alteration: Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis, v. 20, p. 176-188. https://doi.org/10.1144/geochem2019-039
  • Qiu, K-F., Yu, H-C., Deng, J., McIntire, D., Gou, Z-Y., Geng, J-Z, Chang, Z-C., Zhu, R., Li, K-N., and Goldfarb, R., 2020, The giant Zaozigou Au-Sb deposit in West Qinling, China: magmatic- or metamorphic-hydrothermal origin?: Mineralium Deposita, v. 55, p. 345-362. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00126-019-00937-w
  • Chang, Z., and Goldfarb, R., 2019, Mineral deposits of China: An introduction: Society of Economic Geologists, Special Publication 22, p. 1–12, doi: 10.5382/SP22.01
  • Chang, Z., Shu, Q., and Meinert, L.D., 2019, Skarn deposits of China: Society of Economic Geologists, Special Publication 22, p. 189–234, doi: 10.5382/SP22.06
  • Chang, Z., and Goldfarb, R., (editors), 2019, Mineral Deposits of China, SEG Special Publication 22. 593p.
  • Goldfarb, R.J., Chang, Z., Qiu, K., White, N.C., and Yang, Z., Geological Evolution of China and the resulting spatial-Temporal distribution of gold resources: Proceedings of PACRIM 2019, AusIMM PACRIM 2019 Congress, 3-5 April 2019, Auckland, New Zealand. p. 29-29.
  • McIntire, D.C., Qiu, K., Yu, H., Gou, Z., Goldfarb, R.J., and Chang, Z., 2019, Structural controls on ore formation at the Zaozigou gold-antimony deposit, West Qinling, China: Proceedings of the 15th biannual SGA conference, 27-30 August 2019, Glasgow, UK. p. 647-650.
  • Shu, Q., Chang, Z., Lai, Y., Hu, X., Wu, H., zhang, Y., Wang, P., Zhai, D., and Zhang, C., 2019, Zircon trace elements and magma fertility: Insight from porphyry(-skarn) Mo deposits in NE China: Mineralium Deposita, v. 54, p. 645-656.
  • Sahlstrom, F., Dirks, P., Chang, Z., Arribas, A., Corral, I., Obiri-Yeboah, M., and Hall, C., 2018, The Paleozoic Mt Carlton Deposit, Bowen Basin, NE Australia: Shallow High-Sulfidation Epithermal Au-Ag-Cu Mineralization Formed during Rifting: Economic Geology, v. 113, p. 1733-1767.
  • Kouhestani, H., Mokhtari, M.A.A., Chang, Z., Stein, H.J., and Johnson, C.A., 2018, Timing and genesis of ore formation in the Qarachilar Cu-Mo-Au deposit, Tethyan metallogenic belt, NW Iran: Evidence from geology, fluid inclusions, O-S isotopes and Re-Os geochronology: Ore Geology Reviews, v. 102, p. 757-775
  • Case, G., Blenkinsop, T., Chang, Z., Huizenga, J-M., Lilly, R., and McLellan, J., 2018, The structural evolution of the E1 Group of IOCG deposits: Controls on mineralisation in the Northeast Cloncurry District, Queensland. In: Gessner, K., Blenkinsop, T. G. & Sorjonen-Ward, P. (eds) Characterization of Ore-Forming Systems from Geological, Geochemical and Geophysical Studies. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 453, p. 349-384. https://doi.org/10.1144/SP453.4.
  • Cheng, Y., Spandler, C., Chang, Z., and Clarke, G., 2018, Volcanic-plutonic connections and metal fertility of highly evolved magma systems: a case study from the Herberton Sn-W-Mo Mineral Field, Queensland, Australia: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 486, p. 84-93.
  • Kouhestani, H., Mokhtari, M.A.A., Chang, Z., and Johnson, C., 2018, Intermediate sulfidation type base metal mineralization at Aliabad-Khanchy, Tarom-Hashtjin metallogenic belt, NW Iran: Ore Geology Reviews, v. 93, p. 1-18.
  • Neal, L., Wilkinson, J., Mason, P., and Chang, Z., 2018, Spectral characteristics of propylitic alteration minerals as a vectoring tool for porphyry copper deposits: Journal of Geochemical Exploration, v. 184, p. 179-198.
  • Chang, Z., Meinert, L., Lawrence, D., Mrozek, S., and Zhang, L., 2018, Skarns replacing igneous rocks: Symposium Proceedings, 15th Quadrennial IAGOD International Association on the Genesis of Ore Deposits Symposium, Salta, Argentina. 28-31 August 2018. p. 207-208.
  • Cheng, Y., Chang, Z., Poblete, J., Liu, K., Spandler, C., Clarke, G., and Dirks, P., 2018, Tin and tungsten deposits in northeast Queensland, Australia: Past, present, and prospectivity: Symposium Proceedings, 15th Quadrennial IAGOD International Association on the Genesis of Ore Deposits Symposium, Salta, Argentina. 28-31 August 2018. p. 75-76.
  • Mrozek, S., Buelow, C., Chang, Z., and Paz, A., 2018, Optimizing skarn classification using geochemistry and mechine leaning algorithms: An example from the Antamina deposit, Peru: Symposium Proceedings, 15th Quadrennial IAGOD International Association on the Genesis of Ore Deposits Symposium, Salta, Argentina. 28-31 August 2018. p. 211-212.
  • Sahlstrom, F., Blake, K., Corral, I., and Chang, Z., 2017, Hyperspectral cathodoluminescence study of indium-bearing sphalerite from the Mt Carlton high-sulfidation epithermal deposit, Queensland, Australia: European Journal of Mineralogy, v. 29, p. 985-993. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1127/ejm/2017/0029-2660.
  • Wilkinson, J.J., Cooke, D.R., Baker, M.J., Chang, Z., Wilkinson, C.C., Chen, H., Fox, N., Hollings, P., White, N.C., Gemmell, J.B., Loader, M.A., Pacey, A., Sievwright, R.H., Hart, L.A., and Brugge, E.R., 2017, Porphyry indicator minerals and their mineral chemistry as vectoring and fertility tools: Geological Survey of Canada Open File 8345, p. 67-77.
  • Cooke, D.R., Hollings, P., Baker, M., Chang, Z., Wilkinson, J.J., White, N.C., Zhang, L., Thompson, J., Gemmell, J.B., Fox, N., Chen, H., and Wilkinson, C., 2017, Porphyry indicator minerals (PIMS) and porphyry vectoring and fertility tools (PVFTS) – indicators of mineralization styles and recorders of hypogene geochemical dispersion halos (Paper 32). In: Tschirhart, V., and Thomas, M.D. (eds.), Proceedings of Exploration 17: Sixth Decennial International Conference on Mineral Exploration, 22-25 October 2017, Toronto, Canada, p. 457-470.
  • Sahlstrom, F., Arribas, A., Dirks, P., Corrral, I., and Chang, Z., 2017, Mineralogical distribution of germanium, gallium and indium at the Mt Carlton high-sulfidation epithermal deposit, NE Australia, and comparison with similar deposits worldwide: Minerals, v. 7 (213); doi:10.3390/min7110213.
  • Chang, Z., Clarke, G., Cheng, Y., Poblete, J., and Liu, K., 2017, Sn-W-Mo mineralisation in north-east Queensland. In: Phillips, N. (ed.), Australian Ore Deposits, AusIMM Monograph 32, p. 681-688.
  • Lawrence, D.M., Allibone, A.H., Chang, Z., Meffre, S., Lambert-Smith, J.S., and Treloar, P.J., 2017, The Tongon Au deposit: Northern Cote d’Ivoire: An example of Paleoproterozoic Au skarn mineralization: Economic Geology, v. 112, p. 1571-1593.
  • Shu, Q., Chang, Z., Hammerli, J., Lai, Y., and Huizenga, J-M., 2017, Composition and evolution of fluids forming the Baiyinnuo’er Zn-Pb skarn deposit, NE China: insights from laser ablation ICP-MS study of fluid inclusions: Economic Geology, v. 112, p. 1441-1460.
  • Jansen, N.H., Gemmell, J.B., Chang, Z., Cooke, D., Jourdan, F., Creaser, R.A., and Hollings, P., 2017, Geology and Genesis of the Cerro la Mina Porphyry-High Sulfidation Au (Cu-Mo) Prospect, Mexico: Economic Geology, v. 112, p. 799-827.
  • Huston, D., Champion, D., Morrison, G., Mass, R., Thorne, J., Carr, G., Beams, S., Bottrill, R., Chang, Z., Dhnaram, C., Downe, P., Forster, D., Gemmell, J.B., Lisitsin, V., McNeill, A., and Vicary, M., 2017, Spatial variations in lead isotopes, Tasman Element, eastern Australia. Geoscience Australia Record, 2017/09. Geoscience Australia, Canberra, ACT, Australia. ISSN 2201-702X (PDF); ISBN 978-1-925124-46-1 (PDF); eCat 110383
  • Mrozek, S.A., Chang, Z., Meinert, L., and Creaser, R., 2017, Using field observations and geochronology to constrain the age of magmatic-hydrothermal activity at the Antamina deposit, Peru: International Congress of Prospectors and Explorers (ProExplo), 10th, Lima, Peru, 2017, Extended Abstract, p. 47-51.
  • Cooke, D.R., White, N.C., Zhang, L., Chang, Z., and Chen, H., 2017, Lithocaps – Characteristics, origins and significance for porphyry and epithermal exploration: Proceedings of the 14th SGA Biennial Meeting: Mineral Resources to Discover, 20-23 August 2017, Quebec City, Canada, p. 291-294. ISBN 9782981689801.

Contact Information

Berthoud Hall 226A
Fax: 303-273-3859

LA-ICP-MS Lab Webpage: https://geology.mines.edu/laboratories/la-icp-ms-laboratory/
Short Wavelength Infra-Red (SWIR) Spectral Analysis Lab Webpage: https://geology.mines.edu/laboratories/short-wavelength-infra-red-swir-spectral-analysis-laboratory/